SPCC Plan

SPCC plan or Spill Prevention, Control, & Countermeasure plan was promulgated through the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation codified at 40CFR Part 112 and enacted in 1974 by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  As part of the Clean Water Act (CWA) an earlier federal law adopted in 1972 the EPA adopted the Oil Pollution Prevention Regulation.  This regulation established requirements for prevention, preparedness and response to oil discharges at specific non-transportation related facilities.

SPCC Plan

Additionally, the regulation was announced in response to large oil spills that contaminated oceans, rivers, and/or other water bodies as a means of spill prevention.  Spill prevention was aimed at protecting surface water, soil and groundwater. Furthermore, this ruling promulgated facilities that use or store oil to develop SPCC plans to prevent the discharge of oils from reaching navigable waters of the U.S., adjoining shorelines, and to contain oil discharges.

For the purpose of SPCC plans, oil is defined as any type of form of oil including, but not limited to petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, fat, vegetable oil, synthetic oil, and mineral oil.

SPCC Plan Criteria Applicability

  • Facilities with “reasonable expectation of an oil discharge” to waterway or adjoining shoreline
  • Facilities with an above ground aggregate oil storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons
  • Facilities with an underground aggregate oil storage capacity greater than 42,000 gallons.

Facilities subject to the SPCC plan reporting requirements (with under 10,000 gallons of aggregate above ground oil storage) are further classified as either a Tier I or Tier II facility based on the below criteria:

Tier I Facilities

  • Above ground aggregate oil storage capacity is less than 10,000 gallons;
  • No individual oil storage containers/tanks/reservoirs/vessels with a capacity greater than 5,000 gallons;
  • No significant spill for the past three years (single discharge of oil greater than 1,000 gallons, or two discharges of oil greater than 42-gallons within any 12-month period);
  • Eligible to prepare and certify EPA Tier I SPCC Template

Tier II Facilities

  • Above ground aggregate oil storage capacity is less than 10,000 gallons;
  • Oil storage containers/tanks/reservoirs/vessels on-site with a capacity greater than 5,000 gallons;
  • No significant spill for the past three years (single discharge of oil greater than 1,000 gallons, or two discharges of oil greater than 42-gallons within any 12-month period);
  • Prepare and self-certify Plan in accordance with all applicable outlined requirements.

Non-Qualified Facilities

  • Above ground aggregate oil storage capacity greater than 10,000 gallons;
  • Any facility that within any 12-month period, three years prior to plan certification date, or since becoming subject to the SPCC rule if in operation for less than three years there has been: 1.) Single discharge of petroleum product to navigable waters or adjoining shorelines exceeding 1,000 US gallons: or 2.) Two discharges of petroleum product to navigable waters or adjoining shorelines each exceeding 42-US gallons.
  • Owner/Operation eligible for qualified facility status, but decides not to take this option.
  • Required to prepare a PE-Certified Plan in accordance with all applicable requirements.

Davenport Engineering has extensive experience preparing SPCC plans for numerous businesses within different industries.  We are able to provide all of your SPCC plan needs.  Contact us today to learn more or to discuss your SPCC plan requirement needs.